Coffee is a drink (hot or cold) that is brewed from roasted coffee beans or seeds that came from a certain Coffea species of plants.
Each coffee plant is covered with green leaves growing in opposite directions in pairs with coffee cherries growing along the branches. It takes about a year for a cherry to mature after first flowering, and about 5 years of growth to reach full fruit production. While coffee plants are generally the most productive between the ages of 7 and 20, they can live up to 100 or more years. The average coffee tree produces 10 pounds of coffee cherry per year or 2 pounds of green beans.
Coffee trees come from a region of the world called “The Bean Belt” where there is rich soil, with mild temperatures, frequent rain, and shaded sun. Coffee grows best in rich soil conditions.
Once the coffee cherries are ripe, they are picked, processed, and dried. Dried coffee seeds (referred to as “beans”) are roasted to varying degrees, depending on the desired flavor. Roasted beans are ground and then brewed with near-boiling water to produce the beverage we know and love as coffee.
Coffee tends to be dark in color, bitter and has a caffeine stimulant that helps us to stay awake and alert. Coffee can be prepared in many different ways such as espresso, latte, or French press and has become one of the most popular beverages to drink in the world.
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